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  • Basic Information about Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia

    Surface coal mining in the steep terrain of the central Appalachian coalfields includes: mountaintop removal, contour, area, highwall, and; auger mining. Operations are concentrated in: eastern Kentucky, southern West Virginia, western Virginia, eastern Ohio, and; scattered areas of eastern Tennessee. Surface coal mining involves: removing parts or all of mountaintops to expose buried seams of

  • Surface Coal Mining Methods in Australia IntechOpen

    Surface Coal Mining Methods in Australia Rudrajit Mitra and Serkan Saydam The School of Mining Engineering, The University of New So uth Wales, Sydney, Australia 1. Introduction Minerals are one element of Australia s natural resource base. Other key natural resources include forestry and fisheries, and together with agriculture, they make a significant contribution to the Australian economy

  • Appendix E: Coal Mining and Processing Methods Coal

    In surface mining, the ground covering the coal seam (the overburden) is first removed to expose the coal seam for extraction. The elements of a surface mining operation are (1) topsoil removal and storage for later use, (2) drilling and blasting the strata overlying the coal

  • Surface mining Britannica

    Surface coal mining generally involves the following sequence of unit operations: (1) clearing the land of trees and vegetation, (2) removing and storing the top layers of the unconsolidated soil (topsoil), (3) drilling the hard strata over the coal seam, (4) fragmenting or land reclamation: Reclamation of mine spoils. This process is called surface mining

  • Surface Coal Mining Methods in Australia IntechOpen

    Surface Coal Mining Methods in Australia Rudrajit Mitra and Serkan Saydam The School of Mining Engineering, The University of New So uth Wales, Sydney, Australia 1. Introduction Minerals are one element of Australia s natural resource base. Other key natural resources include forestry and fisheries, and together with agriculture, they make a significant contribution to the Australian economy

  • Surface Mining Process

    SURFACE MINING PROCESS • Construct structures to control runoff and protect surface and ground water quality. • Remove topsoil from planned disturbance areas either place directly on regraded lands or stockpile for later reclamation. • Construct haul and access roads, and power and water lines. • Break up overburden by using explosives. • Remove overburden with an electric shovel

  • The Mining Process Introduction underground COAL

    The Mining Process. Once a mining lease has been awarded to an operator, exploration (i.e. evaluation of the resource) takes place, followed by a planning and development process before excavation or mining begins. The initial task is to gain access to the seam from the surface by some means (shafts, drifts, etc see Access to Seam from surface section for these terms). Once access has been

  • (PDF) Surface Coal Mining Methods in Australia

    Overall mining sequence of a typical surface coal mine in Australia (after Westcott et. al., 2009). 2.1 Dragline method. Dragline is the predominant mach ine which is used to remove the overburden

  • What Is Surface Mining? Convergence Training

    23/6/2017· Strip mining is using a lot for coal, phosphates, clays, and tar mining. Mountaintop Removal. This is an alternative, and more recent, version of strip mining. As the main suggests, mountaintop removal mining involves removing the top of steep mountains to expose desired deposits below. The excavated overburden from the mountaintop is deposited in nearby low valley areas

  • What is Surface Mining? (with pictures)

    12/2/2021· Strip mining is a form of surface mining that is primarily used for coal excavation. The rock and dirt covering the ore is removed one strip at a time. Once the ore has been taken from the first strip, a second strip is cut next to it, and the waste from the second strip is used to back fill the first. This goes on until the ore is exhausted, and then the waste from the first strip is used to

  • Coal mining Choosing a mining method Britannica

    Choosing a mining method. The various methods of mining a coal seam can be classified under two headings, surface mining and underground mining. Surface and underground coal mining are broad activities that incorporate numerous variations in equipment and methods, and the choice of which method to use in extracting a coal seam depends on many technological, economic, and social factors.

  • (PDF) COAL MINING METHODS ResearchGate

    The various methods of mining a coal seam can be classified under two headings, surface. mining and underground mining. 2. 3. Methods of extraction. The most economical method of coal ex traction

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